The science of hydroponics has revolutionized farming and the way we grow food crops. Coir pith aka coco peat is perfect for growing anthuriums and orchids due to its moisture retention properties.
A product made from coconut husk aka Coir pith is known as coco peat. Coco coir extract gives you a by-product called cocopeat, which is a 100% natural growing medium. It is made up of a dark brown fibrous product of peat moss, coir dust, and other organic matter that has been decomposing in a peat bog for thousands of years. Coconut husk is naturally dried in the sun and processed to make various products like Cocopeat Brick, Cocopeat Block,Cocoslab, etc. Loose coco peat is commonly referred to as coco soil. Being porous, Cocopeat offers plants that perfectly balance high water holding – without water clogging, coco soil helps the plant to have strong roots, making it an excellent growing medium for hydroponics plants.
Different types of cocopeat products are available in the market as per the requirement. The cocopeat compost is an organic form of bioconversion made out of washed coconut husk with high water holding. It can be modified according to the function and types of seed plug. Three popular types of coco peat products are:
It is a mixture of coconut pith with an appropriate amount of short coir fiber. The UV stabilized black and white polythene bag consists of a compressed cocopeat slab. This is perfect for crops like tomatoes, strawberries, and cucumbers.
Coco Block is an elongated Block made up of cocopeat. It requires less expansion time and offers a good compression ratio, which in turn helps plants grow strong roots.
Coconut husk is chipped into small-sized blocks which protect the inner germinating seeds from excess saturation and salt. Coco Chip is generally used to grow flowers as it has significant advantages in terms of quality, consistency, and production cost.
A great medium for holding moisture, coco coir based coco plugs or coco starter plugs are best medium for successful seed germination hydroponically. Apart from being better at moisture control, coco plugs also maintain pH levels to neutral, and provide appropriate nutrient and better aeration for strong roots.
Two things are required for seed germination: a) Perfect Moisture & b) Soft Medium. Since the cocopeat meets the above criteria, cocopeat can be used directly in the garden soil to retain water, improve ventilation and reduce the risk of soil fungus and root diseases. Studies have proved that seeds grow faster in cocopeat than soil hence, coco plugs, which are also called coco starter plugs are considered to be the best medium for seed germination in hydroponics. One can use cocopeat as a potting soil with other essential elements.
Cocopeat soil is made from the pith inside coconut coir. It is naturally anti-fungal, making it an excellent choice to start seed germination. Cocopeat gardening is common in hydroponics plant production. There are several advantages of using cocopeat for gardening.
Cocopeat is a sustainable alternative to soil. Plants grow 50% faster in cocopeat than soil. As it possesses an ample amount of nutrients, it doesn't require pesticides and fertilizers.
Cocopeat is a renewable source, being made up of coconut coir. This coconut husk, which used to be a waste product decades ago is now one an eco-friendly medium for gardening
Coco coir has a neutral pH range of 5.2–6.8. Still, the cocopeat disc needs nutrient support because this pH range fluctuates over time.
Cocopeat is made from coconut coir renewable sources and is reusable. Farmers and gardening enthusiasts are looking forward to a sustainable future of farming and cocopeat is designed to help them do that seamlessly.
Potting soil is inexpensive and simple to use, yet it has several disadvantages. It frequently does not drain properly and may include peat, which is strip-mined and pollutes the environment. Coco peat soil is a better substitute for potting soil. Planting in coco peat has various advantages while also recycling a once-useless substance. Its antifungal properties make it a great seed starter, but it's also utilised in soil amendment, potting mix, and hydroponic production. Coco peat is reusable, and it absorbs a lot of water compared to other soils, slowly releasing it to plant roots.
Coco peat is a great growth medium for indoor and outdoor plants. It enhances soil aeration for healthy root development while preserving optimal plant nutrient availability. It also assists in the loosening of thick soil and the retention of water. Coco peat contracts up to 6 times its original weight when mixed with water, making it ideal for long-term use. It is completely organic and devoid of contaminants.
Coco peat is an excellent medium for seeding and rooting. It's used for root induction as well as sowing vegetable and seasonal flower seeds. Thus, coco peat becomes ideal for soilless gardening, indoor plants, cacti and succulents, hydroponic farming, terrariums, and hanging baskets, among other uses.
Cocopeat is not a fertilizer. It supports the plant to stand tall and low EC of coco peat helps plants to absorb the nutrients provided to them through hydroponic farming.
Coco peat may be utilised in a variety of applications, including:
Coco peat is also used in potting mixes, greenhouses, hydroponic growers, seedling nurseries, lawn and golf course construction, and other horticulture and floral applications
When coco peat is reconstituted, it swells and grows in volume up to 5 or 6 times its original size. Break off only the quantity you intend to use.